Monday, June 21, 2010

Back When Only Rich Republicans Could Afford Chocolate

Sara L. Bozich. Hershey: A Guide to the Town Built on Chocolate. New York, N.Y.: Channel Lake, Inc., 2009.

Hershey is officially Derry Township, Pennsylvania, but many tourists and locals call the town after the name of its local chocolate manufacturer, Hershey. The company was started by Milton Snavely Hershey, who was born in Derry Township.

Milton Hershey was an apprentice printer who learned he disliked printing. He found he preferred being an apprentice candy and ice cream producer. He learned from his experiences and applied it towards creating two candy companies, which both failed, one in Philadelphia and then one in New York. When he applied his knowledge of adding milk to caramels, his Lancaster Caramel Company became a success. He then, in 1894, branched into chocolate making with a subsidiary company, Hershey Chocolate Company. This was the first mass production of chocolate which introduced the product, formerly a high priced treat, to the masses.

Hershey sold his caramel business yet retained his chocolate business. He married Catherine Sweeney. They had no children, which led them to their willing their fortune to an orphanage they started, the Hershey Industrial School.

The Hershey factory opened in 1905, returning Milton Hershey to his hometown in a location with good access to local dairies, a river for water, rail transportation, and skilled employees.

Hershey became a “company town” that may have, like other company towns, kept employees welder to their careers. Milton Hershey, though, created parks, trolleys, golf courses, and help locate public schools and churches.

The Hershey Industrial School today is Milton Hershey School. It is a 2,000 acre school for over 1,700 students.

Hershey had 60,000 acres of land with 251 miles of rail, five sugar mills, and a peanut oil plant in Cuba. He sold them in 1946.

Milton Hershey led what was known as The Great Building Campaign during the 1930s. Among things constructed were a hotel, sports arena, rose garden, community center, and a sports stadium. The park built for employees, Hersheypark, had a pool and ride added. A zoo grew in size as well.

Hersheypark opened to the public in 1971. It is now a major amusement park attraction.

Today, Hershey offers many attractions, events, shows, sporting events, museums, golf, shops, spas, restaurants, etc. This book is an excellent resource that describes each.

5 Comments:

Blogger 淑慧 said...

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8:47 AM  
Blogger 貢慧 said...

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2:42 AM  
Blogger 珍昕珍昕 said...

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4:04 PM  
Blogger 貴寶 said...

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2:19 AM  
Blogger Tchaikovsky Sounds Funny said...

We need to bridge this language barrier. I am sorry, but these postings do not appear in English. Sorry we can't read them where we are. Then again, maybe you can't read me where you are, in which case, you come out ahead.

1:47 PM  

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